The first people who lived on Iceland are thought to have been Irish monks. On 10 May 1940, Operation Fork was launched by the United Kingdom when military forces sailed into Reykjavík harbour and began an invasion of Iceland. 1387: The Kalmar Act of Union unifies Iceland and Norway with Denmark. Iceland was first inhabited in the late 9th and 10th centuries. At least if you ask me! Iceland changed into at first protected in forests as far as the attention could see according to widely wide-spread history, a seafarer named Garðarr Svávarsson sailed around the complete island in the later ninth century and proclaimed that it becomes “wooded from the mountains all the way down to the ocean.” Currently, about 2% of Iceland is forested. 1281 Jónsbók is published and introduced to Icelanders 8. View in App. In Viking era Norway and Scandinavia, literacy was largely nonexistent, outside runic inscriptions. 1703: First census is conducted; population 50,358. Hjörleifr and his party were killed by the slaves they had … In 1811, Napoleon invaded Denmark-Norway with a large force with the intention of capturing the Danish fleet and adding Scandinavia to his empire. The Founding of Iceland by Bob Brooke. The island was settled by the Norse seafarers in the ninth century; they established the world's first known republic and parliament in about AD 930. In the late 14th century Norway and Denmark entered into a union. Iceland remained independent until 1262, when it entered into a treaty which established a union with the Norwegian monarchy. Iceland was the birthplace of Leif Eriksson, who is believed by many to have led the first European voyage to North America. 1262–1264: Chieftains in Iceland accept the sovereignty of the King of Norway. King Frederick VI and his court, following the example of the Portuguese Royal family, fled the country with loyalists and set sail for Iceland. Following a constitutional referendum between 20 and 23 May 1944, Iceland formally became an independent republic on 17 June 1944. 1. Settlement (870–930) The first permanent settler of Iceland was Ingólfur Arnarson, a rich and influential Norwegian chieftain who sailed to Iceland to settle in 874 AD. They are said to have encountered Irish monks on the island who then left because they did not wish to live among the heathens. When Germany took over Denmark on April 9 1940, the Althing decided that Icelandic’s should rule the country themselves, but they did not declare independence yet. 1919. Many of the early settlers of Iceland were small lords and kings from Norway who were fleeing the tyrrany of Harald the Fairhaired who wanted to unify Norway under one king, namely himself. 1584: The Bible is translated into Icelandic. 874 – The first official settlement in Iceland 2. [8], World War II, British occupation and the establishment of the republic, national referendum established the Republic of Iceland, "A short history of Alþingi – the oldest parliament in the world", "Iceland, Home Rule and Sovereignty (1904–44)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kingdom_of_Iceland&oldid=994999946, States and territories established in 1918, States and territories disestablished in 1944, Articles with Icelandic-language sources (is), Articles with Danish-language sources (da), Articles containing Icelandic-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2012, Iceland articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 17:34. Some of these early settlers were great seafarers and in 982 one of them, Eiríkur Rauði discovered Greenland (so named to attract settlers), and in the year 1000 his son Leifur Heppni … 25 years later, the agreement expired. The process of settlement was recorded in the Landnamabok. Over 33% of the population is wiped out. [citation needed], On 1 December 1918, the Act of Union, an agreement with Denmark, recognized Iceland as a fully sovereign state, an independent country in personal union with Denmark through a common monarch. Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Iceland. The Act would be reviewed in 1940 and could be revoked three years later if agreement to continue it could not be reached. First of all, it should be understood that Iceland’s position on the globe is one of enormous strategic importance for any party engaged in international warfare. History Talk (0) Share. Following him, a Swede named Gardar Svavarsson circumnavigated Iceland about 860. [2] As many as 40,000 American soldiers were then stationed on the island, outnumbering the native population of adult men. It can be seen in season 7 episode 6 when the heroes go to north of the wall, described as the "Arrowhead mountain". Iceland becomes a sovereign and independent state, the Kingdom of Iceland. The other main source, Landnámabók (The Book of Settlements), of 12th-century origin but known only in later versions, states explicitly that the first permanent settler, Ingólfr Arnarson, came from Norway to Iceland to settle in the year 874. For one thing, Iceland is positioned directly between mainland Europe, to its east, and North America, to … Iceland was first discovered in 874 AD by the Norse. This is a list of rulers of Iceland, ruling from 1262 to 1944. [2] It lasted until 17 June 1944 when a national referendum established the Republic of Iceland in its place. 860, was settled by Norwegian Vikings in the years 870-930. The first family of Iceland: 874: In 874 Viking longships are beached on a promontory in the southwest of Iceland, where Reykjavik now stands. [5] In 1874, one thousand years after the first acknowledged settlement, Denmark granted Iceland home rule. Iceland remained a Danish dependency throughout the 19th century . Through the Act of Union with Denmark signed on December 1, 1918, The Kingdom of Iceland was at the time recognised as a fully sovereign state in union with Denmark through a common monarch. Iceland declares perpetual neutrality. The story goes that he was named Hrafna-Flóki, which means Raven-Flóki, because of the three ravens he brought with him on his journey to Iceland to help him find his way to the island around 865 AD. He landed in the northwest but a severe winter … Following the creation of its constitution, Iceland was independent until 1262. Sverre Sigurdsson (Old Norse: Sverrir Sigurðarson) believed himself to be the son of Norway's King Sigurd II, after his mother claimed that Sigurd was his real father. 1540s–1550s: Reformation in Iceland. [3], Under a personal union, due to the Act of Union, the monarch was simultaneously monarch of Denmark. 1262 Icelanders submit to the King of Norway 7. have been prosecuted for their involvement in the crash, and many were sentenced to prison time. The Kingdom of Iceland (Icelandic: Konungsríkið Ísland; Danish: Kongeriget Island) was a sovereign and independent country with a constitutional and hereditary monarchy that was established by the Act of Union with Denmark signed on 1 December 1918. Ingolfr and his foster-brother Hjörleifr were involved in a blood-feud in Norway and left for Iceland. Arnarson establishes a settlement, based on fishing and sheep farming. The Norse were the main migrants to move to the island, and in 930 CE, Iceland's governing body created a constitution and an assembly. December 01 in history: Pak's first woman PM, Kingdom of Iceland established, and more. https://guidetoiceland.is/history-culture/vikings-and-norse-gods-in-iceland Iceland opened its first Embassy in 1920. )[citation needed], Following a constitutional referendum in May 1944, Iceland formally became a republic on 17 June 1944. The Act would be reviewed in 1940 and could be revoked three years later if agreement to continue it could not be reached. The assembly was called the Althingi. This is a list of rulers of Iceland, ruling from 1262 to 1944. The Kingdom of Iceland established its own flag and coat of arms and asked that Denmark represent its foreign affairs and defence interests on its behalf while retaining full control over its foreign affairs and defence. The Landnámabók relates at length the tale of the first historical settler of Iceland, Ingólfr Arnarson (c. 874 CE). The German invasion of Denmark on 9 April 1940 and subsequent occupation severed communications between Iceland and Denmark. The most prominent of these … The first people to settle in Iceland were probably Irish monks who came in the 8th century. As the nation’s full independence seemed a likely outcome in the near future there were Icelanders who thought that the country should remain a monarchy. List of rulers of Iceland: | | ||| | |Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Iceland| ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and … That first winter, all of his livestock died, causing him to decide to leave the island. However, in the 9th century, they were driven out by Vikings. [2], Because of the Kalmar Union, Iceland had been under the control of the Crown of Denmark since 1380,[4] although formally it had been a Norwegian possession until 1814. Ford Motor Company institutes world's 1st moving assembly line (Photograph:WION) 1918 . According to tradition the first Viking to discover Iceland was a man named Naddoddur who got lost while on his way to the Faeroe Islands. 1397 The Kalmar Union is formed under one united King in Denmark. 930 – The Icelandic Parliament is founded 3. They have brought from the coast of Norway a chieftain, Ingólfur Arnarson, together with his family, dependents and livestock. Iceland, first discovered by Vikings ca. Iceland was settled in 874 AD. 1980s - Iceland suffers from high inflation, averaging 38% annually. It shares the same monarch with Denmark. However, the first Viking attempt to settle was by a Norwegian named Floki Vilgeroarson. In 930, the ruling chiefs established a republican constitution and an assembly called the Althing—the oldest parliament in the world. 999 – Icelanders make the decision to switch to Christianity 6. 1985 - Iceland declares itself a nuclear-free zone. Over 25 people (and counting!) Lying on the constantly active geologic border between North America and Europe, Iceland is a land of vivid contrasts of climate, geography, and culture. The first 20 hours -- how to learn anything | Josh Kaufman | TEDxCSU - … The country’s capital is Reykjavik. 1980 - Vigdis Finnbogadottir becomes first woman president of Iceland. (Iceland's total native population during the war was approximately 120,000. For the most part foreign affairs continued to be handled by the Danish foreign service, as decided by Iceland. [6] A minister for Icelandic affairs, residing in Reykjavík, was made responsible to the Althing, the Icelandic parliament. Template:Body Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_rulers_of_Iceland&oldid=977842661, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 September 2020, at 08:57. [2] The Allied occupation of Iceland lasted until 1941 when the Government of Iceland asked the United States (which was then neutral) to take over its defence. The Kingdom of Iceland (1918-1944) was a constitutional monarchy in personal union with the Template:Lf located in the North Atlantic. His accomplishments were a special national flag which was commissioned and he had Fort Phelps built -- it was situated in Reykjavík where the National Bank of Iceland is currently. It only came to these lands with Christianity, and that means that there are few written sources from the early periods, other than the sagas - written centuries later. [2] As a result, on 10 April, the Althing passed two resolutions investing the Icelandic cabinet with the power of head of state and declaring that Iceland would accept full responsibility for both foreign policy and coastal surveillance. It is the most photograped mountain in Iceland. Still, the King of Denmark, Christian X, sent a message of congratulations to the Icelandic people. The first settler was Ingólfur Arnarson, who settled in Reykjavík. [citation needed] King Christian X nonetheless sent a message of congratulations to the Icelandic people. Iceland was the first of the affected countries to start penalising bankers. Edit. The defence of Iceland was the United States' first participation in World War II. Iceland was settled in the late 9th and early 10th centuries, principally by people of Norwegian and other Scandinavian origin. Irish monks inhabiting the island have either been expelled or enslaved. On 15 May 1941, the Althing adopted a law creating the position of regent for Sveinn Björnsson in order to represent the monarchy. In the Viking society, great deeds and great heroeswere the subject of songs and tales - but only in oral form. Iceland History, Language and Culture History of Iceland. [citation needed], At its peak, Britain had approximately 25,000 troops stationed in Iceland, all but eliminating unemployment in Reykjavík and other strategically important places. It was settled by Norse and Danish colonists and by the Napoleonic Wars, was a dependency of the Kingdom of Denmark-Norway. The union between Denmark and Norway, ignoring some shorter periods, lasted until 1814, when Norway briefly gained independence, and Iceland became an integral part of Denmark until 1918, when Iceland was recognised as a fully sovereign state united with Denmark under a common monarch, on 1 December that same year. The first flight of an airplane takes place in Reykjavík. List of Norwegian monarchs; List of Danish monarchs; List of Swedish monarchs; List of Finnish monarchs; List of Greenlandic rulers; Notes Skaldic poetry was a great tradition of the north - skilled skalds (ba… Jørgen Jørgensen, Jörundur hundadagakonungur ("Jørgen the dog-days King" in Icelandic), a Danish adventurer that proclaimed himself temporary king during some months of 1809. On the day of the invasion, Prime Minister Hermann Jónasson read a radio announcement instructing Icelanders to treat the British troops as guests. 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