Cladrastis kentukea American yellowwood Although smooth like the bark of a beech tree, the ornamental bark of the yellowwood is dark gray in color. The name of the forest is derived from the yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea), a tree seldom found this far north in the United States; it flowers here only every three to five years. Oregon State Univ. Flowering is in early summer (June in its native region), and is variable from year to year, with heavy flowering every second or third year. The species is native to the southeastern U.S. Broadleaf deciduous tree, 30-50 ft (9-15 m), usually low branching with broad, rounded crown of delicate branches. Germany: Amerikanisches Gelbholz; Echtes Gelbholz; Italy: Legno giallo; EPPO code. Submission: Nathan Stephansky ‘17. C. lutea, C. tinctoria), is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama. Cladrastis kentukea is a striking tree with long panicles of fragrant white flowers in June. The Kentucky champion tree is in Cave Hill Cemetery in Jefferson County and is almost 80 feet tall. Leaflets seven to eleven, broadly oval, three to four inches long. In Missouri, it typically occurs in … NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Kentucky yellowwood is recommended as one of the best medium-sized trees for cultivation as an ornamental plant in gardens. Cladrastis (Leguminosae subfamily Faboideae tribe Sophoreae): a historic and taxonomic overview. Cladrastis kentukea. The Kentucky Yellowwood is botanically called Cladrastis kentukea (lutea). Introduction: Yellowwood is thought to be our … Vernacular names . Perfect, papilionaceous, white, borne in drooping terminal panicles twelve to fourteen inches long, five to six inches broad, slightly fragrant. Plants from Alabama have the leaves more densely hairy underneath than those from further north, and are distinguished as Cladrastis kentukea f. tomentosa (Steyermark) Spongberg. Other common names for yellow wood include American yellow wood, virgilia and gopherwood. The native range is stretched from Kentucky through North Carolina, but is also found along the bordering states. The leaves are imparipinnate and the flowers are white. Cladrastis kentukea American yellowwood A medium deciduous tree known for its smooth gray bark, vase-shaped habit, and extremely fragrant pendulous white flowers. A deciduous tree with broadly pinnate leaves and sweetly scented, white flowers. They come out the bud pale green, downy; when full grown are dark green above, pale beneath. Cladrastis kentukea (Yellowwood) Pea Family (Fabaceae) Introduction: Yellowwood is thought to be our best medium-sized, native flowering tree. The tree forms a characteristic trunk when older. Cladrastis kentukea NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. The flowers are fragrant, white, produced in Wisteria-like racemes 15–30 cm long. The smooth gray bark … This page was last edited on 12 September 2020, at 14:46. C. lutea, C. tinctoria), is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama. Cladrastis is from the Greek klados and thraustos which mean “branch” and “fragile” in reference to the brittle wood; kentukea means “of Kentucky.” Common Name. Flowers: June. Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. Species of Cladrastis are small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10–20 m tall, exceptionally to 27 m tall. Cladrastis (yellowwood) is a genus of nine species of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae, eight native to eastern Asia, and one to southeastern North America. Genus: Cladrastis Species: kentukea Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 30 to 50 ft Width: 40 to 55 ft. Common characteristics: Yellowwood is a tree with few known diseases or insect problems and is named for its unique yellow interior wood. Andrews, S. Trees of the Year: Cladrastis and Maakia. Showy fragrant white flowers will form in the spring forming drooping clusters or pea-like structures. It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. Species: Cladrastis kentukea (kla-dras'tis ken-tuk'ee-ah) Yellowwood Cultivar Information * See specific cultivar notes on next page. Cladrastis kentukea | Family: Fabaceae . Accessed: 07-Oct-06. The Plant List includes a further 4 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Cladrastis.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Cladrastis kentukea : Geographic Information Geographic Division: North America : Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native : Canada, Introduced : Comments Comment: US ESA: No longer a candidate species because more abundant and widespread than previously believed and not subject to the degree of threats to warrant status according to notice of review, as published in Federal Register Volume 50, … Native: indigenous. YELLOWWOOD - CLADRASTIS KENTUKEA. Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. Its scientific name is derived from the Greek words klados, meaning “branch” and thraustos, meaning “fragile,” which refers to the brittle wood and branches. The bole of larger trees can be up to 100cm in diameter [ 352 Also the tree is sometimes called Virgilia.[2]. gr., 0.6278; weight of cu. The pinnate leaves are 20-30 … Phytologia; Designed to Expedite Botanical Publication. Family: Fabaceae. This tree prefers deep, moist, fertile, well-drained loam or moist sandy soil with a medium acid pH. Ornamental Characteristics Size: Tree > 30 feet Height: 30' - 50' Leaves: Deciduous Shape: round Ornamental Other: Environmental Characteristics Light: Full sun Hardy To Zone: 4b Soil Ph: Can tolerate acid to alkaline soil (pH 5.0 to 8.0) Environmental Other: showy, fragrant … A number of cultivars have been selected, including 'Perkin's Pink' (syn. American yellowwood; Other Scientific Names. campus: south of the CH2M-Hill Alumni Center. References . Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. yellowwood, Cladrastis kentukea. Velma Rudd (1971, 1972) finally corrected this error and made the new combination Cladrastis kentukea based upon the earliest name for the plant, following the Botanical Rules of Nomenclature, first using the epithet kentuckea (Rudd 1971), and later correcting that to kentukea (Rudd 1972). This is a large family with species like wattles (Acacia spp. Leaf: odd-pinnate, fresh … Lifespan. It is hardy in Zones 4 to 8. It produces clusters of white pea-like flowers in Spring. Tolerates alkaline and acid pH soils, native to limestone cliffs and ridges. Tree ID: 5. Its native habitat is found in small patches throughout the southeastern United States. Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) is a rare, medium sized tree (15-20m) native to the southern Appalachians, Arkansas, and Missouri. Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Tree: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: ** Plant Notes: ** Taxonomic Notes: ** Status: Native, S3 (State Rank), G4 (Global Rank) References: ** … Wood: Yellow to pale brown; heavy, hard, close-grained and strong. Yellowwood is a rare tree native to isolated … Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae … Although it flowers best in full sun, yellowwood does well growing in slightly shaded areas. Cladrastis kentukea, Kentucky Yellowwood, Gopherwood. Specifications. ft., 39.12 lbs. Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood (syn. New York 21:327. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants. Damage to the young twigs of Cladrastis kentukea reveals yellow wood. Sun. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. K. Koch; International Common Names. The hanging panicles of flowers in the spring become hanging yellow-brown fruits and leaf color becomes yellow-orange in the fall. Family. Yellowwood won a Pennsylvania Horticultural Society Gold Award in 1994.[3]. Cladrastis lutea (F. Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. The major limitation to the wide use of this species was known long ago, as "Cladrastis" means "brittle wood" in Greek. The other six are found in Asia. Cladrastis is a genus of about a half dozen species of pinnate-leaved, deciduous trees in the pea family (Fabaceae), all of them native to Asia except Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood), which is native to southeastern North America, and the only widely cultivated species. Deutsch: … Corvallis: Central Park, west of the playground area. Cladrastis is a genus of about a half dozen species of pinnate-leaved, deciduous trees in the pea family (Fabaceae), all of them native to Asia except Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood), which is native to southeastern North America, and the only widely cultivated species. The largest specimen known is at Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati, Ohio, 22 m tall and 2.2 m trunk diameter; the tallest known is a slender tree 27 m tall but only 0.55 m trunk diameter, at Plott Cove Research Natural Area, Georgia (Spongberg & Ma 1997; Eastern Native Trees Society). Yellowwood is named for the bright yellow heartwood. State documented: documented to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within the state. Tom Dorman State Nature Preserve-Wikipedia. Common Name: yellowwood Scientific Name: Family: Fabaceae Genus: Cladrastis Species: kentukea Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 30 to 50 ft Width: 40 to 55 ft. Common characteristics: Yellowwood is a tree with few known diseases or insect problems and is named for its unique yellow interior wood. Bark: Smooth gray, or light brown. Bark and branches: grey brown, smooth. Yellowwood - Cladrastis kentukea Pea Family (Fabaceae) Yellowwood grows throughout Eastern Kentucky, but is most common along the Kentucky River palisades in the Bluegrass region. Well-drained soil. Seeds for sale starting at € 5.70. The rare Yellowwood tree is also found in this preserve. Cladrastis kentukea. Some authors write the name as one word, "yellowwood." Wedge-shaped at base, entire, acute, terminal leaflets rhomboid-ovate. Non-native: introduced (intentionally or unintentionally); has become naturalized. Fabaceae. French: Bois jaune; Local Common Names. General description. [2] It thrives in full sunlight and in well-drained soil, tolerates high pH soils as well as acid situations. Fruit: Legume, smooth, linear-compressed, tipped with the remnants of the styles. Winter buds: Four in a group, making a tiny cone and enclosed in the hollow base of the petiole. CLQLU (Cladrastis lutea) Taxonomic Tree Top of page. Leaf of Cladrastis kentukea. Pistil: Ovary superior, linear, bright red, hairy, bearing a long incurved style. Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood (syn. Corolla: Papilinaceous; standard broad, white, marked on the inner surface with a pale yellow blotch; wings oblong; keel petals free. Family . Yellowwood is a native tree with an open graceful spreading crown with three seasons of interest. May 2012. It's an excellent small shade tree for smaller properties, as a single specimen or in groupings. The genus name Cladrastis derives from the Greek "klados" = branch, and "thraustos" = fragile, referring to the brittle nature of the twigs.The Common name "Yellowwood" comes from the yellow color of the wood from this tree.. Cladrastis (Yellowwood) is a genus of small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10m ↔ 20m (30ft ↔ 60ft) tall. In autumn they turn a bright clear yellow. These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms of … Its white, fragrant, pea-like flowers hang in 15-inch-long clusters in spring, and, in some years, the tree offers attractive yellow fall foliage. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. It will tolerate both high pH and acidicsoils. Rudd. Tree leaf identification shows that this plant is a American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) tree. Other names include American yellowwood and virgilia. Cladrastis lutea ( syn. The American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) may be America’s most inherently valuable native tree for landscaping. Family (Botanic): Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) Planting Site: Residential and parks, City parkway, Wide median; Tree or Plant Type: Tree; Foliage: Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves) Native Locale: North America; Landscape Uses: Parkway/street, Patio/sidewalk, Shade tree, Specimen; Size Range: Large … Cladrastis kentukea is a deciduous tree with a broad, rounded crown; it usually grows 10 - 15 metres tall, exceptionally reaching 20 metres. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Identification A member of the legume family, Fabaceae, the yellow wood (Cladrastis kentukea) has a botanical name synonym of Cladrastis lutea. For other plants with a similar common name, see, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cladrastis_kentukea&oldid=978038782, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The only quality that is mentioned is a tendency of the trunk to divide very near the ground, as a multi-trunked tree.[2]. Home » Trees » Fabaceae » Cladrastris kentukea » Yellowwood. Patrick Breen, NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. American Yellowwood has bright green foliage that contrasts nicely with darker leaved trees and turns golden-yellow in autumn. The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should be nutritious soil, tolerates dryness. One of the rarest trees of eastern North America. Though not particularly common or well-known locally, Cladrastis are beautiful trees. You may see this tree classified under Cladrastis kentukea, Cladrastis lutea or Cladrastis tinctoria. The Plant List includes 28 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Cladrastis.Of these 8 are accepted species names. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. FEATURES Form-medium to large ornamental/shade, deciduous tree-maturing at 40-50' tall … At the Morton Arboretum, one of the roads opens into a small grove of yellowwoods, and I can vividly remember the way the afternoon sun filters through the … Rudd; Preferred Common Name. Height: 8 - 10 (15) m. Crown: flat globular, half-open crown, capricious growing. Statistics. The leaves are compound pinnate, 20–30 cm long, with 5-11 (mostly 7-9) alternately arranged leaflets, each leaflet broad ovate with an acute apex, 6–13 cm long and 3–7 cm broad, with an entire margin and a thinly to densely hairy underside. & Ma, J.-S. (1997). Cladrastis kentukea, Yellowwood, is a small deciduous tree to 15 (20) m tall with a DBH of up to 0.91 m, and its vegetative parts are generally hairless, though individuals from Alabama and elsewhere sometimes have pubescent twigs and leaf undersides, at least when young; the bark of the trunk is smooth, thin, and silvery gray; the leaves are compound, odd-pinnate (with a terminal leaflet), and 10 … Rudd Show All Show Tabs Kentucky yellowwood It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. Cladrastis kentukea (lutea) Yellowwood (American Yellowwood) Categories: Trees. Stamens: Ten, free; filaments thread-like. Identification; Bark; Take the Walk; About; Help; You are here. kentukea) is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree typically growing 10–15 metres (33–49 ft) tall, exceptionally to 27 metres (89 ft) tall, with a broad, rounded crown and smooth gray bark. Habit: Vase-shaped branching with an oval to rounded or even broad … Date planted. Cours.) The name yellowwood derives from its yellow heartwood, used in small amounts for specialist furniture, gunstocks and decorative woodturning. Trees of this species are expected to live over 60 years. Showy fragrant white flowers will form in the spring forming … Photo by, Chhe [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons Cladrastis is from Greek in reference to the brittle wood; kentukea is the Latin form meaning of Kentucky. Cladrastis kentukea in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. The Society of Municipal Arborists selected the yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea or C. lutea) as its Urban Tree of the Year for 2015. Cladrastis kentukea, Kentucky Yellowwood, Gopherwood. Leaves alternate, odd-pinnately compound, 20-30 cm long, usually 7-9 leaflets (terminal leaflet largest), each elliptic to ovate, entire, bright green, petiole enlarged at base and enclosing bud. Calyx: Campanulate, five-lobed, enlarged on the upper side. Hardy to USDA Zone 4    Native from North Carolina to Kentucky and Tennessee. Cours.) Flowers small, fragrant, white, in pendulous clusters; pods (legume) turn brown in fall. Michx.) Sp. Cours.) Yellowwood Basic Information. Common Name(s): Yellowwood; Previously known as: Cladrastis lutea; Phonetic Spelling klah-DRAS-tis ken-TUK-ee-ah Description. Cladrastis kentukea is widely grown as an ornamental tree for its attractive flowers, and is locally naturalized in many areas of the eastern United States outside of its restricted native range. Genus and species: Cladrastris kentukea. The yellowwood belongs to the Fabaceae (pea) family. Cladrastis kentukea (Dumont de Courset) Rudd: Common Name: Yellow Wood; Kentucky Yellow Wood: Habitat: Rich woods over calcareous substrates, especially on slopes. Cladrastis kentukea, also known as yellowwood or American yellowwood is a medium sized (30-50 feet) deciduous tree native to North America. Home » Tree Names Index » Genus: Cladrastis » Species: kentukea Picture of a Yellowwood Tree (Cladrastis kentukea) Picture of a American Yellowwood Tree, (Cladrastis kentukea) Species. The tree … Spongberg, S. A. Family (English): Pea. Yellowwood State Forest-Wikipedia * Cladrastis kentukea (Yellow-wood) - introduced List of trees of Canada-Wikipedia. Feather-veined, midrib and primary veins prominent, grooved above, light yellow beneath. Rudd symbol: CLKE Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, but individual leaflets sub-opposite, 5 to 9 leaflets (usually 7), entire margins, 8 to 12" long, each leaflet obovate to oblong-obovate, green upper surface, paler below. These trees include hickory, black walnut, oak, yellow poplar, birch, beech, elm, cherry, sweetgum, and sycamore. Cours.) Scientific Name . Also covers those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). County documented: documented to exist in the county by evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Cladrastis kentukea . Cladrastis kentukea is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree typically growing 10–15 metres (33–49 ft) tall, exceptionally to 27 metres (89 ft) tall, with a broad, rounded crown and smooth gray bark. Description: This yellowwood tree is found on the hill leading down to Marsh Botanical Gardens. Also covers those considered historical … Petiole swollen at base and enclosing the bud. Yellowwood is a medium sized (about 30 to 50 feet tall) tree that is native to North … All common names: Yellowwood, American yellowwood. This is the only species in the genus to come from North America. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … NATIVE RANGE AND HABITAT. Found principally on the limestone cliffs of Kentucky, Tennessee and North Carolina, but it is hardy at the north to zone 4. The Yellowwood can withstand urban settings and is attractive to birds. yellowwood Fabaceae Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. The fruit is a pod 5–8 cm long, containing 2-6 seeds. As a bloomer and small shade tree, it deserves greater recognition and consideration for its fine qualities. Leading down to Marsh Botanical Gardens are 20-30 … You may see this tree classified under Cladrastis (... Georgia where the plant List includes 28 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus to from... The bud pale green, … Cladrastis kentukea, the website displays maps physiographic..., and orange enlarged on the Hill leading down to Marsh Botanical Gardens live over 60 years flowers! 1994. 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