What about registering as a local resident (padrón)? You and your family must not be EEA/Swiss citizens. There are cases when reunification is possible Yes, for nationality by residence to be approved, legal residence be stable and continuous before and during the application process. It then became impossible to get nationality directly after marriage. – Documentation that proves the citizen has sufficient funds for their period of residence in Spain. This Spanish residence permit is valid for five years and allows the spouse to work under the same conditions as a Spaniard, both as self-employed or an employee. If successful, a foreign spouse can acquire permanent residency in the United States. These exams take place in Cervantes Institute centres. Permanent residence in Spain. After five uninterrupted years of residence, you can apply for a long-term or permanent residence. You don’t need to apply for a student visa if you are staying for less than three months in Spain and you hold a valid passport issued by a country approved by the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores y de Cooperación). time of submitting the application, you must submit the application personally. You can also acquire Spanish nationality throug… Spain is a dream for permanent and temporary relocation. The permanent residency is the status that enables non-EU citizens who have been living in Spain continuously and legally for 5 years to obtain an indefinite residence situation. Permanent residency. New rules were recently published in gov.uk. You can apply for the Blue Card that does entitle you to work in any EU country. ¡Suscríbete a nuestra newsletter! If you are married to a Costa Rican citizen are eligible for temporary residence through marriage. Minors and people with some forms of disability are exempt. Padrón? Do I have to take the Spanish Nationality exams? Spain is a dream for permanent and temporary relocation. And while it is true that the answer has nuances, in this article we will show you how you can get citizenship in Spain after marrying a national. are submitted, they must be translated into Spanish or co-official language of If you want to invest in Spain in order to get a residence permit the investment must reach the 500.000€. Who The procedure is as follows. Non-EEA or Swiss citizens: members of your family (spouse, legally registered partner and dependants) have the right to live in Spain but must follow the following procedure to obtain residency in Spain: (1) Apply for a visa from the Spanish embassy or consulate in their home country before their arrival in Spain. – Proof of registration at an education centre, public or private, recognised or financed by the competent educational administration. your country of origin will have to be submitted. • If you are applying to bring your An investor can apply for a permanent residence and citizenship following the usual procedure. Marriage is another path to Portuguese residence. However, in 1975 the Spanish civil code was modified. 1 year of residence for Spanish nationality for those born in Spanish territory, married to a Spaniard, widows or widowers of Spaniards, born outside of Spain with a family history of Spanish kinship, and for those who did not previously exercise the right to acquire Spanish nationality. Obtaining permanent residency through marriage is very common and the paperwork flow is usually quick and painless as the government is all prepared to process your paperwork — IF you file it! Unlike the registration certificate that is You need to submit the application to the consulate or embassy of the country you will enter first or spend most time during your trip. When you make your application, you must present several supporting documents depending on your situation (employee, self-employed, job seeker, pensioner, student, etc.). – Proof that you have public or private health insurance contracted in Spain or in another country covering healthcare in Spain during your period of residence, equivalent to that provided by the National Health System. – Documents such as your payroll, bank statements or tax returns, that show you have worked (for others or as self-employed) or studied, are retired or looking for work. For example, a work contract or bank guarantee. Though said to be from the date you commenced residing here, (registered on the padron) suggest that most civil servants will only accept the date when you acquired residency status). international coverage, Medical certificate to prove that you are in good health, Certificate of no criminal record issued by your national police. You also need to provide copies of all previous visas granted. Remember that all foreign documents must have legal validity in Spain. You will have to take and pass the CCSE exam, and if you don’t speak Spanish, the DELE A2. Also if I can buy a property, how much do i need to invest in order for my spouse to be able to obtain Spain’s residency? File I-130 (Petition for Alien Relative) The first step in obtaining permanent residency through marriage is by filling out and filing Form I-130, Petition for Alien Relative. Full, valid and current passport of the non-Spanish spouse. There are different types of residency and work permits, depending on the What do I need to do if I am working in Spain as an EEA/Swiss citizen? The Embassy Consulate generally replies within 10 working days. Can i buy a property here without having a job contract so my pakistani spouse could obtain Spain residency? Visa application form: The application form must be thoroughly filled out and signed. Having resided in the country for five years, the applicant is entitled to apply for a permanent residence. In order to make sure you comply with the requirements imposed by the immigration authorities, you can obtain the needed support from our immigration lawyers in Spain. Requirements to apply for a Student Visa in Spain. 2. c) Be a resident beneficiary of a contributory retirement pension, included in the protective action of the Spanish social security system. Civil ceremonies are only possible if at least one of the marrying couple is a Spanish citizen, or at least one of you meets the 2 year residency requirement. These are in cases of marriage with a Spanish person or in case of child of a Spanish person, where one can become a Spanish citizen sooner than the general process. A European health insurance card valid for the period of residence may be valid in some instances. does the application need to be submitted? Once the application is submitted, the authorities have three months to examine your petition. In these cases, the Ministry of Labour will be responsible for granting the permanent residence permit, following a report from the head of the Ministry of the Interior. of qualified applicants. Keep in mind that if the marriage was registered outside the country, it must be registered in Spain before beginning the legal application procedure. They are also entitled to permanent residence in Spain as long as they have legally resided with you for five consecutive years. Then, you must demonstrate continued coexistence for a year in the Spanish territory with your spouse. details are confirmed on the notarial guide. You will be incorporated into the Central • Residence Visas must be picked up within one month, starting the following day after receiving the approval notification. Both heterosexual and same-sex marriages are recognized by Immigration. For residents under this scheme, no physical residence or place of abode is required to apply for a PR status. • A copy of the passport, travel document, or valid ID of the applicant and the person they wish to join in Spain. Nevertheless, if you want to stay longer than three months, you must register officially as a resident and prove that: (1) you have the financial means to support you and your family; and. You can find information on the process here. It will help you immensely. To do so, the applicant will have to confirm his/her permanent residence on the territory of the country. Steps to get the Canadian residency by marriage. The permanent residence card is often issued free of charge (or for the same price as identity cards for nationals). What’s the process to get a Spanish work visa? However, you have to demonstrate that you did not spent more than eleven months outside of Spain within the prior five years. documents do I need to apply for Spanish nationality by residence? Some regional offices will request that you prove you have been in Spain … But it is still possible. Then do not hesitate to be on our list! Do I need to wait until the first three months Would you like to be updated with the latest immigration news and other useful tips for you? The difference here is that you intend is to permanently reside in Spain. And it is from then on when the situation changed completely. a market which has a shortage If you are a resident: a certificate issued by the appropriate authorities or by the educational centre certifying that minors in your care and of compulsory school age have been at school. This card must be valid during the legal application period, very important. This residency card is valid for five years and can be renewed. Yes, criminal records in Spain and in 5 years of residence for Spanish nationality for those who have obtained refugee status. Depending on the situation  ( as per above): •  a): documentation accrediting periods of prior residence as a Blue-EU cardholder in another EU state. your parents), you must be a long-term resident in Spain. (3) Certicate of local residence (padrón) from your local town council. Yes, you can do it as long as you are divorced. find a job and your employer needs to start the process. Making an investment with relevant socio-economic impact in the geographical area in which the activity will develop. Here you can find an official list of nationals who do not Permanent Residency Vs Spanish Citizenship: Although getting a permanent residence permit Spain or Spanish nationality allow a person to enjoy more or less same benefits within Spain, yet, they differ in some ways as given … We have talked about how you can easily migrate to Canada as a student. Becoming a Spanish national through residency, Completed residency form (EX-18, downloadable, Copy of After you have lived in Spain for five years you can apply for permanent residence and after 10 years you can apply for Spanish nationality, although exemptions exist that allow certain people to apply sooner, for example, if you are married to a Spaniard or the child of a Spanish parent. This is a completely legal way of immigration to Spain. have to prove before the Spanish Work Authorities that they’ve sought candidates in Spain and the EU On the 27th September 2013, the Spanish Government introduced Law 14/2013, in support for entrepreneurs and internationalization, to give non-EU citizens and members of their families the opportunity to obtain a Temporary Residence Permit in exchange for carrying out Real Estate investments in Spain whose value exceeds € 500,000 Euros. 3. Those from a non-European Union country will have to renew their residency periodically until they get a permanent residency Spain. an EU Blue Card or beneficiaries of the special regime for researchers. -Have a residence permit as a family member of an EU citizen. statement that you do not live in Spain with another spouse or partner. (2) Certificate of no criminal record. A foreigner who marries a Spanish citizen or a resident is entitled to Spanish residency. – Proof you have public or private health insurance. Required fields are marked *. Your email address will not be published. Entrepreneur and Investor Visas in Spain. Without exception. Applying for a Spanish residence permit can be time-consuming, stressful and difficult. Spanish citizenship by marriage. What are the requirements for Spanish nationality by residency? When the marriage rites have been completed and you are both married legally, then it is time to apply for permanent residency. Both exams are carried out by the. Our experts offer help and advice on all aspects of Spanish nationality and permits to live and work in Spain. For example, you can apply if you are married to a Spaniard or the child of a Spanish parent. No nationality by marriage. The same rights apply to family members who are EEA or Swiss citizens. If it is accepted, all the foreign spouse has to do is to get their residence card, a process that includes fingerprint taking. Identification card ( DNI)  of the Spanish citizen or certificate of registry as an EEA citizen in Spain. Residence Permit as a Family Member of an EU Citizen. Will my Spanish work visa grant me the right to work in any EU country? Marrying a Spaniard/ EU Spanish resident, 3. If you decide to live in Spain, you are eligible for permanent residency after 5 years. The job that you are going to take on in the company must be included in the list of jobs that are difficult to cover. This interview is to determine if your marriage is real or simply contrived for the purposes of obtaining a permit. – In the event of having contributed Immigration Regularisation in Spain during 2021, Fees for your Immigration Procedure in Spain, Administrative Silence (“Silencio Administrativo”) in Spain: Meaning and Types. This will be the method of checking the continued coexistence for a year. BLOGWHAT WE DOWHO WE AREIMMIGRATION FAQ’SCONTACT USCOOKIE POLICYPRIVACY POLICY, Most read:Cost of living in SpainTop 10 things about SpainPros & cons of living in BarcelonaHealth insurance for expats, As for any citizenship application by residency, the necessary exams are exactly the same. We are going to break a myth or idea that many people have in mind as truth. Thus, the Ministry of Justice will be the institution in charge of evaluating if you meet the necessary requirements to become Spanish and thus obtain your DNI. If the marriage is less than two years old when the foreign-born spouse becomes a permanent resident, the green card will expire after a two-year period. Obtaining permanent residency or green card status through marriage is one of the most common ways of gaining legal residency in the United States. This must be done three months after you have entered Spain. requirements to apply for this kind of visa. Related to your residence permit, it is not clear yet what will happen with Brexit. You can apply for a permanent TIE as soon as you reach 5 years total legal residence in Spain. the territory where the application is submitted. Towards the end of their 5th year of continuous legal residence your non-EU family members should apply for a permanent residence card in the EU country where you live.. I accept the privacy policies of this site. You must be able to support yourself through work or own wealth. In some areas, registered local residents also benefit from deductions on local taxes and inheritance tax. To help … A full guide to Residency and Nationality Options in Spain Read More an EU long-term residence permit in another Member State of the European Union. Naturalization in Spain is a highly bureaucratic process and usually requires ten years of solid residence … If you are an employee, your employer will do this for you; if you are self-employed it is your responsibility. purpose of your stay: If you’re planning to live and work in Spain you need to have a work visa in place before you arrive. You must not be prohibited from entering Spain or countries with which Spain has signed an agreement in that sense. The reduction to a single year would not be applicable in those cases. About the purchase, please note you need a NIE number in Spain in order to do the transaction. This is something we find indicated in article 22 of the Spanish Civil Code. The permanent residency is the status that enables non-EU citizens who have been living in Spain continuously and legally for 5 years to obtain an indefinite residence situation. Find out through a professional fiscal adviser. If you divorce your EU spouse before they acquired permanent residence in their host country (which usually requires them to have lived there for 5 years) - you may stay if: you have been living there for at least 1 year, and; your marriage lasted for at least 3 years before divorce proceedings started; You can also stay if you have: Is there really such a thing as nationality by marriage? You can find official information at this link and also at the European Commission Job Mobility Portal. Thus, we are talking about a nationality by residency procedure. Residency and Nationality Options in Spain, Organizing your will and succession in Spain, Claiming Your IRPH Clause in Spanish mortgages, Claims against Banks in Off Plan Projects, How to claim against hidden developers of off-plan properties in Spain, A full guide to Residency and Nationality Options in Spain, 1. The Spanish Immigration Office considers that it has not been possible to cover the post according to the certificate issued by the Public Employment Service for the job offer. Coming to Canada is usually not hassle-free especially with the number of people applying for a visa. -If you are resident in Spain: at any public registry and addressed to the Immigration Office in the province where you live. If you are an immediate relative of a U.S. citizen, you can become a lawful permanent resident (get a Green Card) based on your family relationship if you meet certain eligibility requirements. What is the permanent residency in Spain? –Birth certificate of both your spouse and the principal applicant. 1. The employer will 2 Permanent residence permit-interviews. The legal representatives of children under 14 years of age. Certificate of marriage to prove the existence of the family bond with the Spanish citizen or resident. You need to apply for a work permit in the same way as anyone else. Ask us anything to citizenship in Spain here. | Subscribe to our newsletter! Once you have a permanent residency permit you do not need to renew it. What documents do I have to submit for a long term Spanish Residency permit? (2) Within three months of arrival, they must register in person at the Foreigner’s Office to obtain a Residency Card for Family Members of EU Citizens (Tarjeta de Residencia de Familiar de Ciudadano de la Unión Europea). The 10-year requirement is reduced in some cases: In any of the cases, in order to qualify for nationality by residence, the interested party must prove that he or she has had good civic conduct and that he or she has a sufficient degree of integration in Spanish society. Interested parties over 18 years of age and not dependants. – Document proving registration with the corresponding Social Security system. Currently, Canada provides facilities for resident visas to those immigrants who are married to a citizen of that country. After 5 years residence in any EU land then under EU rules you can request permanent residency. What documents will I need to register at the The purchase can be made by an individual or through … How long does it take for the application to be considered? It can be granted as (1) single entry, so you will just be able to enter the Schengen Area once or (2) multiple entries. – If you are not a resident at the In Spain, it’s advisable to register locally on the patrón (similar to the electoral roll in the UK). Both Spanish citizenship and permanent residency allow you to stay living in Spain, but some differences … As for marriage, it will be important to also consider the timeframes as well. To obtain it, you must go to the Foreigners Office in the province you live in and submit the following documentation: – Employer – It cannot be a civil union (“pareja de hecho”) or a divorced couple. First of all, let’s start by defining this procedure. What documents do I need to bring when applying for Spanish Residency? In that sense, you can get the residency trough marriage under two different procedures: If your spouse is from Europe, the family member of an EU citizen visa will be the go-to option. needs. It has no expiry date. There must also be substantial capital investment made by a company that is established in a territory not considered a tax haven by Spanish law. The easiest way to In the first place, the citizen who wants to obtain nationality must obtain a residence in Spain. This has been tested in the EU courts and the right for continued residence of deserted spouses has been upheld. You first need to Certified copy of your employment contract, Passport with at least four months validity left, Clean criminal record from the past five years. Two documents are required – the certificate of criminal records from your country of origin (if you were not born in Spain) and one from the Spanish authorities. at the time of the application, a criminal record certificate issued by the Passport valid for at least three months after your departure and with at least two blank pages. Scroll down to ‘scenario three´. of its establishment through Registration in the Commercial Registry. But, the chances of anyone get a positive result are usually very tin since the competition has grown very stiff. gracias.. ¡Mándanos un mail a info@immigrationspain.es y te ayudaremos! – Justification Only afterwards will you be eligible to file your Spanish nationality. It allows to live and work in Spain, both as a self-employed or as an employee (cuenta ajena and cuenta propia), … You can lose the right to permanent residence if in Spain and upon reaching the legal age, have resided in Spain legally and Becoming a resident in Spain may cause changes to your fiscal status. Which documents do non-EEA/Swiss family members need to show when applying for residency? That is because, in fact, depending on the region of Spain in which you live, it can take months after the registration is filed after its submission. You need to register with the Spanish Social Security system. have passed? of the company, tax identification and Social Security Account code. Immigration, upon the proposal of a public authority with competence related to what do u mean by this sentence ?may u give examples? the period of residency is now only 3 days, so much easier for tourist weddings. How to obtain Spanish Citizenship by marriage step by step. If you’re married to a Spanish citizen and you have a legal residence permit for more than a year, this might be a good solution for you.² If you’re thinking of marrying a Spanish citizen, you might consider doing it in Spain, otherwise you’ll have to deal with an extra step when it comes to bureaucracy. A long-term residence permit allows you to stay in Spain indefinitely, working or otherwise, under the same conditions as Spanish citizens. If you hold a Blue Card from another EU-member state, and have lived elsewhere in the EU for the same period, this also entitles you to long-term residence in Spain. Official application form (EX-11) in duplicate, duly completed and signed by the foreigner, except in the case of having contributed to economic, scientific or cultural progress, which will be instigated officially by the Directorate General of Immigration. you are from a European Union (EU) country. If you are travelling through multiple Schengen countries it’s advisable to apply for a “multiple entry” visa. Can I lose my right to permanent residence? It is advisable to apply for it at least two weeks prior to the planned trip. (2) Completed and signed application form EX-19. You will be granted a residency certificate which will include your name, address, nationality and your Foreigner’s Identity Number (NIE – número de identificación de extranjeros). Holders of b) Have held the EU Blue Card for five consecutive years, lived in the European Union and two years immediately prior to the application date lived in Spain. You need it to buy a property, buy a car, hire facilities, pay taxes, get a phone or utility contract, make official claims. your rental contract/ title deeds (escritura). Contact us now for more information. Continuity is not affected by absences of up to six months, provided that the total time spent outside Spain does not exceed ten months within five years. However, if you want to spend most of the year in Spain the best would be to get a residence permit as EU citizen before the Brexit. Process for a non-EEA/Swiss citizen to obtain initial temporary Spanish residency, 2.4. The applicant must own, directly or indirectly, the majority of the voting rights and have the power to appoint or remove a majority of the company board members. There is no such thing as attaining nationality by marriage. You just renew your ID card which is very fast and easy. This health insurance policy must cover expenses up to €30,000 and be valid in all Schengen countries. How many years do I have to reside in Spain to get this nationality? An interview will be done of you and your spouse for the permit application. What are the general requirements work visas in Spain? 2. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. advertised locally without finding a suitable candidate from Spain or another Only afterwards will … –Marriage certificate. In the first place, the citizen who wants to obtain nationality must obtain a residence in Spain. Process for non-EEA/Swiss citizens to obtain permanent residency in Spain, 4. We give you conditional permanent resident status when you are either admitted to the United States on an immigrant visa or adjust your status to that of a permanent resident. The list is published by the Public Employment Service on a quarterly basis. Your Spanish permanent residency will become permanent after five years, but it’s not automatic; you will have to re-apply for it. 4. – A statement declaring that you have sufficient funds for yourself and your family members during your period of residence in Spain. By marrying a citizen of Portugal, you can apply for residency and, eventually, citizenship. You need to fill out the official application form and present the following documents: • Proof of family ties and relationships, age and legal dependency. Our expert team are more than happy to help you and your family ensure you have the right documentation and follow the right procedure to get your permits. Three months from the day following the date on which it has been entered in the registry. For example: -Valid registration certificate issued upon your After 10 years, you can apply for Spanish nationality. You may or may not receive another visit from the Straz Graniczna.