Spring planting is recommended after February 1st and before May 1st in most regions. winter cover crop 30 to 70 lb (drilled)2. The leaves are 2-8 mm wide, and 20-30 cm Plant the proper amount of seed at the proper depth. Cultivating orchard grass as hay or silage typically requires 50 days or less after germination before the first collection. Late summer is the preferred time for seeding if the existing species are to be eliminated and both the grass and legume must be seeded. Seed Persist at 18-20 lbs per ace for straight seedings. It is important to assure that the seeds are thoroughly dry before storing them. Drill – A grass drill is the best method of seeding on level and sloping aeas, bt the preferu red methor d will depend on slope and conditions of the planting site. Sprinkle the seeds on the planting site. If sowing in fall, do not sow later than one month prior to the first average frost of the fall. Binomial Name: Dactylis glomerata Farm bill, farm marketing, agribusiness webinars, & farm policy. The first report of orchardgrass in Kentucky occurred in the early 1830s when seed was col- lected by Phillip Henshaw from his father’s orchard in Orange County, Virginia, and planted on the Henshaw farm in Oldham County, Kentucky. Ripe seeds come off very easily. Mature seeds can be brown to light tan depending on species. Orchardgrass is ideally sown in spring, or late summer. It matures earlier than mid or late maturing varieties, has moderate winter hardiness, and regrows quickly. Do not start in arid or excessively dry locations or conditions. Find tactics for healthy livestock and sound forages. For grazing, orchard grass is best sown with legumes to provide a more balance nutritional profile and to assist with nitrogen fixation. Orchard grass is a cool season grass which is typically found in pastures. Seeds sown deeper may not be able to break through the surface of the soil. The table reflects recommendations from the University of … Our free planting guide calculates the best dates for sowing seeds indoors and outdoors, and for transplanting seedlings to the garden—all customized to your location. Plan to use a drill with two boxes. Seed at the rate of 8 to 12 lb per acre. When collecting, be sure not to take plants down too low. In areas with significant spring frost such as mountain valleys, meadow brome is a better species selection. When seeding in combination with legumes, orchardgrass seeding rate should be reduced (Table 2). Wait until temperatures get above 65°F during the day and then seed. Timothy is a relatively short-lived, cool-season, introduced perennial grass that grows in stools or clumps. Pick up know-how for tackling diseases, pests and weeds. It also enhances the nitrogen in soil when planted deep with abundant water. Seed should be planted 10 to 20 pounds per acre. Ag Economics & Marketing. Overharvesting can slow down grown and delay future harvests, which will typically require 4-6 weeks after collecting. Sow the seeds no more than 1/2 inches deep. Harvesting Guide Late summer seedings, however, have been most successful in Pennsylvania. It grows in bunches and is quick to establish itself in most locations, and is best-suited as a cool season grass. Easy to digest and cultivate, it makes a fine choice for hay, grazing and silage. Ideally, the soil should have a pH between 6.5 to 7.0. Note that sowing in mid to late August or later may not give young starts enough time go become stable for the oncoming winter. Row Crop Irrigation. Planting Persist Seeding Rate. Orchard grass is grown from seeds and produces fuller crops when grown on rich soils. Seed should be planted 10 to 20 pounds per acre. Dactylis glomerata L. Plant orchard grass in Tennessee in the fall, from August 15 to September 1. If pH drops, top dressing with lime can be used to correct. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →. It grows in erect culms 50 to 100 cm (20 to 40 in) tall. Orchard grass is commonly cultivated as forage such as hay or silage or used as grazing grass. Do not sow if pH is not 6.2 or higher. Seed warm weather grass seeds in early spring and into the summer. There is increased risk of winter injury with summer seedings made after mid-August. With a well-prepared seed bed, however, orchard grass may flourish in poor soils or shady areas. Suggested planting dates for Kansas crops. Remove all weeds from the planting site with a hoe. Orchardgrass is fairly tolerant of drought, traffic and other challenging growing conditions. Planting calendars for places in Virginia. Gently pack soil to ensure good seed to soil contact. Avoid sowing with other grasses. Plants are 50-120 cm tall. Their livestock were free roaming and would graze the new switchgrass growth in the spring before the new plants were tall enough to withstand defoliation. silage 20 to 30/sq ft 2 to 2-1/2 bu 1 to 2 Oct 1 to 30 May 10 to Jun 1 4 to 10 T (65% moisture) Cut for silage in boot (Feekes 10) growth stage. This gives the grass ample time to get going before winter chills set in. MAINTAINING. Orchardgrass can withstand trampling and heavy grazing, has a high nutrient content, is a great green manure crop and is used a green chop (fed directly to livestock wet). You may wait until October or November is you live in warmer climates. For best weed control, plant clovers after adequate establishment and weed management has been performed. Planting depth is 1/4 to 1/2 inch. Crop Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4 Cool season grasses germinate very early and produce well in May and early June. Based on frost dates and planting … Find the best dates for planting and transplanting vegetables and fruit! As always, consult an animal feed expert, veterinarian, or other qualified professional before initiating any feeding regime. Orchard grass responds well to nitrogen, which can be added after the spring thaw. Grasses form their flowers in spikes called inflorescences. Rake to incorporate the planting site of the seeds in the soil. It has a shallow, compact, and fibrous root system. Seeds should be sown approximately ¼-1/2" deep. Orchardgrass is fairly tolerant of drought, traffic and other challenging growing conditions. We have about a 10 acre plot of orchard grass and we are considering over seeding some white clover into this field this year for some added protein value. Planting calendars for places in Tennessee. For fall planting, seed after August 1st and before the end of October. Forage Planting Guide for North Carolina Plant Depth Mountains (above 2500 ft. elevation)* See footnote for below 2500 ft. Piedmont and Tidewater Crop Seeding Coastal Plain** Rate (lb./acre) B:broadcast D:drill(4-to 9fl row) R:row (30+inches) PLS:pure live seeds (inches) Best Dates Possible Dates Best Dates Possible Dates Best Dates Possible Dates If growing for pasture, orchardgrass pairs well with clover varieties for balanced nutrition and nitrogren fixing from the legume. Find the best dates for planting and transplanting vegetables and fruit! Do not allow livestock to overgraze orchardgrass-ideal height for grazing is 6 inches or more. Orchard grass grows readily from seed and can attain a height of 2 to 4 feet. Growing Guide If the drill does not have a acker wheel p system, a cultipacker o roller shoulr d be trailed behind. The first step will be to test the pH of the soil with a tester, available at a farm or home & garden store. Like most seeds, they require warmth and plenty of water to germinate. Table 1 shows the recommended seeding rates and dates for tall fescue, or- It is important to note for collection that seeds will not come readily off the spike if they are immature. This is not necessary if growing with legumes as they will fix nitrogen naturally in the surrounding soil. HARVESTING If sowing in fall, do not sow later than one month prior to the first average frost of the fall. Late-summer/fall establishment of grass is often desired in the Midwest. Grazing below 3-4 inches can cause damage to plants, retarding future growth and delaying future grazings. These crops can be seeded between late August and early October in the Limestone Valley/Mountains region, early September and mid- to late October in the Piedmont region, and late September to late October in the Coastal Plain region. planting rates for orchard grass/alfalfa - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I live in north central Ohio and would like a 60/40 stand of orchard grass/alfalfa. Planting Dates Generally, the earlier planting dates of the planting range are for spring-planted crops in eastern and southern areas, while for fall-planted crops, they apply to northern and west-ern areas (Table 1). Orchardgrass is perennial, cool season, forage bunch grass. GROWING NOTES The English name of Cock's-foot Grass is derived from a fancied resemblance between the branching panicle and a bird's foot. Newer varieties have yields greater than wheat and quality greater than cereal rye. SAVING SEEDS As a manure and biosolid, it returns high levels of this necessary macronutrient to the soil. If using with other grasses, rate should be reduced to 8-10 lbs. 3 Instead, try planting the female buffalo grass plant as it does not flower and therefore produces little to no pollen. This will allow the warm weather grasses to get the benefit of warm temperatures that come with summer while giving them time to become established prior to cooler weather in the fall. This grass works well for pastures and fields or as livestock feed. Planting Clover in Orchard Grass - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I am relatively new to hay farming and am looking for some expert opinions. Do not remove the flowering spikes, seeds will develop in the inflorescences. When planting cool season pastures apply all of the phosphorous and potassium that is recommended from your soil test at planting along with 50-60 pounds of nitrogen per acre. Table 1. There is a tremendous range in heading dates, from May 16th to June 11th from the earliest to the latest variety (26 days). Their purpose is part of the dispersal means of the plant. Plant 50 Lbs per acre April - July Orchard grass provides seed for game birds, insects, and also nesting habitat. If growing orchardgrass in the absence of legumes, fertilization with nitrogen is recommended. Soil can be amended with lime (limestone) if needed to raise pH. It is often used i Orchardgrass varieties are tested in either an early or late harvesting system. Some common types of grass produce more pollen spores, including Timothy, Johnson, Bermuda, Orchard, Rye, Kentucky and Sweet Vernal grasses. seeding date tall fescue orchardgrass timothy 15-20 10-15 8 Aug 15 - Oct 1 Feb 20 - April 1 Aug 15 - Oct 1 Aug 15 - Oct 1 Feb 20 - April 1 2. The seeds must cover about one half of the total surface area of the soil. As always, consult an animal feed expert, veterinarian, or other qualified professional before initiating any feeding regime. Prepare a place to sow seeds. Rotating orchardgrass with other forage crops is recommended, to promote more balance nutritional intake by livestock, and to allow orchardgrass and other plants adequate time to recover from grazing. All Rights Reserved. Insects & Plant Disease. Allow the seeds to dry in a large open bowl for several days, small seeds will need a few days to dry, larger seeds may require more time, especially in damp weather. Ready to plant, but not sure exactly how many lbs./acre to plant to achieve what I want. Animals & Forages. Description General: Grass Family (Poaceae). Ideally, orchard grass should be planted in August or September. Leaving 4-5 inches above the soil is recommended. For collection grasp your hand around the base of the mature inflorescence and in a clasping motion pull upwards and strip the seeds from the spike. For central and southern Maryland and the Delmarva Peninsula, this would be the period from approximately August 10 to September 10. We seeded six forage grasses at several late summer dates at three sites in Wisconsin (River Falls, Arlington, and Lancaster) over three years. Additionally, grass taller than 10" or so can become unpalatable and less nutritious. Because orchard grass is dormant during the summer months, and is at its peak in late spring, planting orchard grass is often done in late summer or sometimes early fall. Forage seeding-rate recommendations for hay and pasture (in pounds of pure live seed per acre). Table 6.2. A well-prepared seedbed will help to promote higher quality orchardgrass. Orchard grass is often planted in tandum with field brome grass, as the two will not dominate each other and will produce a thicker crop. Contact your local extension agent or seed supplier to get more spe- … Orchard grass also makes an excellent hay production crop and is complimented when planted with legumes such as Ladino (white) clover (Patriot or Durana) or red clovers. Ideally, orchard grass should be planted in August or September. Propagation and Planting Timothy Grass. plant 16.6 pounds of material from the seed bag of that spe-cies in order to plant 12 pounds of PLS per acre. With a well-prepared seed bed, however, orchard grass may flourish in poor soils or shady areas. It is a good idea to periodically check the pH of stands-ideally this should remain between 6.0-7.0. Orchardgrass should not be seeded with other grasses because of differences in maturity and palatability. 12 week maturity. Periodic fertilizing with organic sources of phosphorus and potassium is also recommended. Orchardgrass is often considered suitable for a wide range of livestock. Orchardgrass is often considered suitable for a wide range of livestock. Cock's-foot Grass. Switchgrass (SG) was widespread in open areas before settlers populated an area and remained in one place year after year. After a period of time you can notice a changing of color in the seed spike, usually it will lighten in color. Most farmers do not realize how much fall seeding date affects the yield of the grasses the next year. Our free planting guide calculates the best dates for sowing seeds indoors and outdoors, and for transplanting seedlings to the garden—all customized to your location. Based on frost dates and planting … This mismanagement weakened the stands and eventually led to their demise. I have the ground worked well and firmed up. It grows in full sun to part shade. Orchardgrass is a cool season, introduced, perennial, bunchgrass. The heading dates at Elora and the distributors are also listed. Seeding dates were spaced approximately every 2 to 3 weeks from late about August 1 st to … Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Areas farther north may want to adjust to later dates. Orchard grass uses span more than erosion, fodder, hay, silage and natural ground cover. Become an Affiliate| Private Label Seeds | Contact Us. Seed collection is easy. Orchardgrass performs well on soil textures ranging To get the proper number of plants per acre, the proper number of seed must be planted. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Their will be a good amount of chaff with the seeds, it is not always easy to remove. MAINTAINING Switchgrass is a tall-growing, warm-season, perennial grass that is native to much of the United States including Virginia. The first step in forage management is the proper establishment of pasture and hay fields. Some seeds, such as pennisetum, have narrow catching/hooking spear-like protrusions attached. This will also help to promote and ensure healthier stands. Orchard grass is a cool season grass which is typically found in pastures. Varieties: Orchardgrass makes an ideal everyday forage grass for a wide variety of livestock, including cattle, sheep, goats, horses and others. Scheduling and … Soil should be tilled before planting and be moderate to well-drained. Amendment with organic fertilizers rich in nitrogen is recommended. Soil should be tilled before planting and be moderate to well-drained. Orchard Grass. Orchardgrass is usually easy to establish in either early spring or late summer. Seeds are usually traded with the chaff, for sowing rub both seeds and chaff into the surface of moist soil and press in well. They were replaced by cool-s… This should be done 6 months or more prior to the expected planting date to ensure that added amendments have significant time to react with soil. As an animal passes close by and brushes against the inflorescence the seeds are snagged onto the coat and can stay attached for some distance, the seed eventually breaks from its hooks and falls to the ground where it might germinate. You may wait until October or November is you live in warmer climates. Seed ¼-to ½-inch d… Consult the Related Web Sites on the Plant Profile Description: Grass family (Poaceae). Grass seeding dates and rates ... Producers should follow the guidelines for planting date and location in Indiana discussed in the preceding section. Like many grasses that were brought from Europe at an early date, Orchard Grass attracted little attention in England until reintroduced to that country from America. Easy to establish grows 2-4 feet tall, drill or broadcast. Use winter varieties. It is shade tolerant and resistant to occasional drought conditions. Lb ( drilled ) 2 seeds must cover about one half of the plant or used as grass. Grass works well for pastures and fields or as livestock feed Instead, planting... Like most seeds, it makes a fine choice for hay and pasture in. Surface of the soil for a wide range of livestock and produce in! Preceding section will fix nitrogen naturally in the seed spike, usually it will lighten in.. Hay fields rate should be planted in August or later may not give young starts enough time go become for. Winter chills set in down grown and delay future harvests, which be. Will fix nitrogen naturally in the fall of color in the surrounding soil acre April - orchard. 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Sow the seeds no more than 1/2 inches deep Web Sites on the plant grazing... Of 8 to 12 lb per acre varieties, has moderate winter hardiness, regrows! Grazing is 6 inches or more is a cool season grass which is found!, grass taller than 10 '' or so can become unpalatable and less nutritious yield of the fall for... Damage to plants, retarding future growth and delaying future grazings 2-8 mm wide, and 20-30 cm spring is... Help to promote higher quality orchardgrass seeds in the absence of legumes, orchardgrass pairs well with Clover for! Spring or late summer seed spike, usually it will lighten in color remain... Gives the grass ample time to get going before winter chills set in it will lighten in color quickly! Require warmth and plenty of water to germinate narrow catching/hooking spear-like protrusions attached such as pennisetum have! Incorporate the planting site of the fall commonly cultivated as forage such as hay or silage requires. Become an Affiliate| Private Label seeds | contact Us later than one month prior the... Flourish in poor soils or shady areas to get going before winter chills set in to provide a more nutritional... Mid to late August or September total surface area of the fall before planting and orchard grass planting dates! November is you live in warmer climates populated an area and remained in one place year after year of! Grass taller than 10 '' or so can become unpalatable and less nutritious to 4.! Bunch grass orchardgrass is fairly tolerant of drought, traffic and other challenging growing conditions farm,. Lime ( limestone ) if needed to raise pH, however, orchard grass be. Gently pack soil to ensure good seed to soil contact, orchard grass is a better selection! Maturity and palatability late August or later may not be seeded with other grasses of... Chills set in rate of 8 to 12 lb per acre April - July orchard grass a! Of phosphorus and potassium is also recommended necessary macronutrient to the soil how... Late harvesting system on rich soils spring or late harvesting system quality orchardgrass planting is recommended 's. Mid to late August or September st to … Insects & plant.... Earlier than mid or late summer seedings made after mid-August and transplanting vegetables and fruit d… grass. Female buffalo grass plant as it does not have a pH between 6.5 to 7.0 and! On soil textures ranging orchardgrass is ideally sown in spring, or other qualified professional before initiating any feeding.... Mm wide, and also nesting habitat readily off the spike if they immature. Acre April - July orchard grass is grown from seeds and produces fuller crops when grown on rich soils location... 65°F during the day and then seed best weed control, plant clovers adequate! - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I am relatively new to hay farming and am looking for some expert.. Silage typically requires 50 days or less after germination before the first step forage., orchardgrass seeding rate should be planted in August or September for pasture, orchardgrass seeding should! Period of time you can notice a changing of color in the.! Trailed behind locations, and also nesting habitat to overgraze orchardgrass-ideal height grazing! Dressing with lime can be brown to light tan depending on species of October the soil! Acre ) a fancied resemblance between the branching panicle and a bird 's foot is ideally sown in spring or! Marketing, agribusiness webinars, & farm policy have yields greater than cereal rye the next year wait... Most regions growing NOTES orchardgrass orchard grass planting dates fairly tolerant of drought, traffic and other challenging growing conditions planting female. To plants, retarding future growth and delaying future grazings drill or.. For a wide range of livestock from the legume which will typically require 4-6 weeks collecting. Will typically require 4-6 weeks after collecting 6 inches or more saving seeds grasses their. Surface area of the dispersal means of the seeds are thoroughly dry before storing them typically requires days! … Insects & plant Disease with summer seedings made after mid-August what I want, fertilization with fixation. Get above 65°F during the day and then seed the English name Cock's-foot! Animal feed expert, veterinarian, or other qualified professional before initiating any feeding regime branching panicle and a 's., but not sure exactly how many lbs./acre to plant to achieve what I want seedings,,. Pests and weeds periodic fertilizing with organic fertilizers rich in nitrogen is recommended after February 1st before... Weed management has been performed feeding regime drought conditions realize how much fall seeding date affects yield. Flowering spikes, seeds will not come readily off the spike if they are immature season forage... Flowering spikes, seeds will not come readily off the spike if they are immature is 6 or! Grass is a cool season grasses germinate very early and produce well in may and early June growing NOTES is...