Mount Nyiragongo has got the world’s largest lava lake and also the most active. What they needed was not commodities but cash. Mount Nyiragongo is a highly active volcano in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Could the clue be in the agency stickers plastering every aid vehicle in Goma, and the agency logos everywhere? Mount Nyiragongo Mount Nyiragongo is a steep sided active stratovolcano at an elevation of 3,470m in the Virunga range, Albertine region located in the Democratic Republic of Congo. It was no secret that they were going to sell the goods, and that the ensuing flood of cheap aluminium pots or plastic sheets would debase the local market and make things worse for small traders. Why did aid agencies ignore all their rhetoric about responding to the needs of people, and just give what they thought the people needed, not what they said they wanted? Published. This became a problem in itself, as agencies had become used to the convenience of doing distributions inside a compound, and were reluctant to stop supporting people in the schools. Eventually, some of this was done. Yet the aid community in Goma continued to hold to some moral high ground about giving cash. It’s hidden in the depths of Mount Nyiragongo and hikers must trek up to an altitude of about 11,400ft (3.47km) to catch a glimpse of the lava lake. Its 2002 eruption killed 50 people and forced roughly 450,000 people to evacuate their communities. Mount Nyiragongo is one of the most active volcanoes in the world, erupting on average every 30 years. The fear of giving money is almost pathological among aid agencies, even though, or maybe because, it would be simpler and cheaper to give than any other form of help. Would the misuse of money in Goma have been any worse than the misuse of goods? Mount Nyiragongo Volcano is the very last stop of every hiker’s volcano remarkable tour of Virunga National Park (a region that should always be included to any trip to Democratic Republic Of Congo). It has erupted about 34 times since 1882 and the last eruption was recently in 2002. Houses for rent were available, and those who had money rented rooms and space towards the west of the town. +250 780 870 670 Mount Nyiragongo is Congo’s beauty and one of the top tourist attractions that attract thousands of travelers to come and hike the amazing active volcano and one of the best tourist destinations in Congo.. The hazards posed by eruptions like this are unique to Nyiragongo. The most obvious need was to re-establish Goma’s economy to enable people to be self-reliant again. 13km fissure southern flank more than 11 million cubic metres of lava basaltic lava 90 km/hr . The last activity started in June 1994. Strange Facts about Mount Nyiragongo: Mountain Nyiragongo in the Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo is an active volcano which last erupted in 2002. Since 1882 Mt Nyiragongo has erupted 34 times including many periods where activity was continuous for years at a time, often in the form of a churning lava lake in the crater, volcano overlaps with two older volcanoes, Baratu and Shaheru, and is also surrounded by hundreds of small volcanic cinder cones from different eruptions, lava lake activity continued through 2010. On Monday 12 July 2004, at 05:30 UTC, Meteosat-8 observed an eruption of the Nyiragongo volcano. On January 17, 2002, Nyiragongo erupted and the lava lake drained from fissures on its western flanks. The aid response, both by the UN and NGOs, focused on this loss of shelter, and defined entitlement to assistance according to its loss. HISTORICAL ERUPTIONS OF MOUNT NYIRAGONGO VOLCANO DR.CONGO – VIRUNGA PARK. In locations where the gas seeps from the ground in relatively high levels, without the dispersing effects of wind, its effects can be deadly. The volcanic activity at this mountain is still going on but still only in the crater. For this major and crucial need, only cash would do. Lava Shot Down the Mountain at 60mph in 1977. Nyiragongo Volcano (Democratic Republic of Congo) Tuesday 29th January 2002 1. A significant population did find it difficult and temporary camps grew up in some of the untouched schools and church compounds, which later had to be evacuated as a major effort was made to restart education. Mount Nyiragongo /ˌnɪərəˈɡɒŋɡoʊ/ is an active stratovolcano with an elevation of 3,470 m (11,380 ft) in the Virunga Mountains associated with the Albertine Rift. Barry Sesnanwas head of the UNICEF Office in Goma and Provincial Humanitarian Coordinator for the UN at the time of the Nyiragongo eruption. Some, like the fear of setting a precedent, might be more plausible than others, like ‘they’ll just spend it’ or ‘they’ll misuse it’. Here are some of the other facts you may need to know about this mountain. But perhaps the aid community could be radical and say that people, especially adults, have a right to misuse their cash. Complex justifications are developed. Hard for Trekkers to Reach. The people of Goma were clearly right: only the flexibility of cash could solve all the various problems facing them. Dieudonne Wafula, who has spent years studying the volcano on Mount Nyiragongo, sent urgent e-mails to experts around the world one week before the lava began flowing on 17 January. Its lava lake is most known for its volcanic activity in the recent times. It lies in the Congo, close to the border with Rwanda (Goma – Gisenyi Border). The Nyiragongo volcano is one of eight in DRC along the border with Rwanda. In comparing the cases of the most recent eruption of Mount Nyiragongo - three years ago now - against last year's Indian Ocean tsunami, fire … Yet, much of the damage could have been prevented. Money does not even have to be given free (though the food, pots and sheets were). If it circulates in the economy somewhere then it is doing its job. Could it be that we were satisfying our needs as organisations, rather than people’s needs as beneficiaries? There was overwhelming evidence that, within a day or two, the only value of another plastic sheet or another cooking-pot was in its sale. The Mount Nyiragongo has erupted in the years of 1884,1894,1898,1900,1977,1982,1994 to 1996 and 2002 in May which was the last year there was an active eruption at the volcano. In October 2001, another volcanic tremor was felt in the region followed by another in January 2002 and this was … All material © 2020 Humanitarian Practice Network. In 1977, the walls of the lava lake were cracked and the lava was drained in less than an hour. Blog For Us FAQs After a week or so, discussions began around rebuilding and the term ‘relancement de l’économie’ entered the vocabulary; I travelled to Nairobi to meet representatives of Habitat, UNESCO and the International Labour Organisation (ILO), and UNDP sent an expert in income-generating activities, but no one was able to respond with the requisite urgency, and some of the projects discussed never happened. Families were made to line up for hours to collect meticulously counted and packaged items, and the length of the procedure alone led to frustration, and ultimately to temptation and impersonation. This is … It lies in the volcano region of Virunga National Park, Congo (Kinshasa), near the border with Rwanda, 12 miles (19 km) north of Goma.It is 11,385 feet (3,470 metres) high, with a main crater 1.3 miles (2 km) wide and 820 feet (250 metres) deep containing a liquid lava pool. The Sphere Project, Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response, revised edition, 2004. The Nyiragongo active volcano is one of Congo’s major tourist attractions. Just after six months of the 2002 eruption, this volcano erupted again. The Santa María Volcano, which sits right above the city of Quetzaltenango, Guatemala, has been continuously erupting since 2003. Homes, schools, churches and businesses were ruined. Perhaps goods should have been given only to women, as at one point UNICEF had decided to do, or only to children, or only through churches. Then on 6 th February 2001, the neighboring Volcano, Mount Nyamuragira erupted for 2 weeks. Many UN and NGO bodies, though often themselves affected by the destruction (UNICEF lost a warehouse full of medicines and school supplies worth $700,000), were already in place in Goma, and several new agencies came in to help. The other volcanoes include Mount Karisimbi, Mount Bisoke, Mount Muhabura, Mount Sabyinyo, Mount Mikeno, Mount Gahinga and mount Nyamuragira. : the lava presented an immediate hazard to human life (( link with social impacts )) environmental ECONOMIC EFFECTS The Impacts of the 2002 Nyiragongo Eruption SOCIAL (contd.) ), … The depth of the lava lake varies considerably. This 2002 eruption started with a few signs in December 2000 where there were a few earthquakes/ volcanic tremors in the region that were prolonged. Located inside Virunga National Park about 20 km. Another crater lake has been formed a few meters the one formed in 1994. Copyright © 2020 Virunga National Park Congo, 5 Days Ngila Classic without Nyiragongo package, 7 Days Kahuzi Biega and Virunga National Park, 5 Days Virunga Gorilla & Volcanoes Golden Monkey Trekking, 5 Days Virunga Gorilla & Akagera Wildlife Tour, Travel Guide for Gorilla Trekking in Virunga National Park, African Golden Cat sighted in Virunga National Park Congo, Newborn baby gorilla in Virunga National Park, Eastern Lowland Gorilla Families in Kauzi Biega National Park. The world`s largest active lava lake has become eminent since 1960`s and 70`s depending on various studies about Nyiragongo volcanic mountain from volcanologists like Kraffts and Tazieff. While there may be genuine and well-founded fears around cash aid, there is only one real conclusion to be drawn: we do not believe what we say about working for the beneficiaries and responding to their expressed needs. Why, then, did agencies continue to supply these items, even when it was obvious that they had become currency, and a debased one at that, as the continuing supply of new sheets and pots reduced their sale value to virtually zero and impoverished the people who normally sold them? Though Mount Nyamuragira doesn’t offer any hiking opportunities, the neighboring Nyiragongo volcano is a perfect option. After a few days, a system of joint UN and NGO coordination ‘commissions’ was well in place, notably for health, education and child protection, and food and non-food aid. sessment for future eruptions, including the potential for a catastrophic gas burst at Lake Kivu. Or that the unpaid intermediary, called a ‘volunteer’ because agencies would not pay him, not because he really volunteered, was going to make sure he got paid one way or another? Although the lava flow ended a few days after Jan. 17, it could recur at any time. Mount Nyiragongo. Mount Nyiragongo, located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, erupted today (January 17, 2002), ejecting a large cloud of smoke and ash high into the sky and spewing lava down three sides of the volcano. On January 17th, Mount Nyiragongo, just north of Lake Kivu in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) erupted. Video, 00:00:24 BBC team caught in Mount Etna eruption. Located in the Eastern part of the country and overlooking the Virunga national park, Nyiragongo volcano is one of the 8 volcanoes within the Virunga conservation region. Its eruption in 2002 caused widespread devastation. Mount Nyiragongo, active volcano in the Virunga Mountains of east-central Africa. The town is a busy commercial centre, a hive of economic activity and the main point of entry for goods from the outside world for much of eastern Congo. Exactly the same problems of identification and duplication would have occurred. The last eruption that occurred in Mount Nyiragongo was on the 17 th of January 2002 when lava spewed to three sides of the volcano ejecting smoke and ash high in the sky. There is abundant evidence from around the globe that post-disaster economies revive quickly if everyone has a little money to spend. 17 March 2017. 30 m height at intervals of 30 seconds, according to the observatory. No lorries or stores are needed, and the logistics are certainly simpler. Eruption: Mount Nyiragongo is one of the most active volcanoes in the world that have a number of 34 recorded eruption times the last eruption that was recorded happened in 2016. One of Africa's most notable volcanoes, Nyiragongo contained a lava lake in its deep summit crater that was active for half a century before draining catastrophically through its outer flanks in 1977. But the most damaging loss was not to people’s homes, but to their livelihoods. Goma is well supplied with food, which is normally quite cheap; the problem was the money to buy it with. That eruption was also marked by columns of erupted ash and long fluid lava flows, some of which are apparent in the image as dark greyish swaths radiating away from Nyamuragira. Monitoring DR Congo's deadly Nyiragongo volcano. Mount Nyiragongo is in Virunga National Park and is of Africa's most active volcanoes. And that was the one thing aid agencies would not, indeed could not, give. The crater presently has two distinct cooled lava bencheswithin the crater walls – one at abo… Work projects could have satisfied the work ethic. Yet aid workers persisted in treating people like children who could not be trusted with their pocket money. +256 701 703 573 In 2002, the last time Nyiragongo volcano erupted, lava raced down its flanks into the crowded city of Goma, on the border between the Democratic Republic of … The economic activity which the programme revived, based on carpenters and builders, sent a buzz through the whole town and demonstrated clearly what a difference the reintroduction of wages made to the economy. The steep slopes of a stratovolcano contrast to the low profile of its neighboring shield volcano, Nyamuragira. The 2002 Eruption – Nyiragongo last eruption. - The The city centre of the Goma town, the capital of the East Virunga province, had been destroyed by voluninous lava flows. Nyiragongo's lava lake is found at a maximum elevation of 3250m (pre-disaster), inside a 3465m tall stratovolcano ; the lava lake has an estimated depth of 600m and contains one of the most fluid lavas on Earth. 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